Monday, 30 September 2013

Culture Series: Yoruba an Overview

Hello friends on the culture series today, I will be talking about the Yoruba people. Probably because I school in their land and I have had my ups and downs with them.

The Yoruba culture comprises of the total way of life of the Yoruba people from their values, beliefs, practices, arts, music, education, and even political position. The Yoruba people are a well-organized group of people. Although they have co-existed with other cultures and religions (Christianity and Islam), the Yoruba people and their culture has been able to stand the test of time.
The Yoruba(s) are the main ethnic group in the states Lagos, Oyo, Ogun, Osun, Ekiti, and Ondo.

The Yoruba people are very excellent sculptors famous for the terra cotta heads during the 12th to 14th century. They are also involved in farming, hunting, and textiles.
The Yoruba(s) have a rather elaborate lifestyle. This can be shown in their naming ceremonies which require relatives to give a new born child a name as they wish him/her to be called. These result in a child having a dozen or more names. Also a child is required to prostrate before elders. Still on their culture, I must confess the Yoruba(s) have several proverbs (it is interesting though).

Food: They like pounded yam (iyan), semo, fufu, amala, and moi moi (baked beans). Their soups include okra and stew, ewedu, egusi and vegetable.

Music: Little wonder why Yoruba music has become one of the famous in Nigeria and in the world with artists like Fela, 9ice, Femi Sax, Lara George, amongst others who have thrived both locally and internationally. They have a great style and sense of music. From traditional singing of the Kings' praise to praising of the gods and composing of songs, the Yoruba people have carved a niche for themselves. Famous Yoruba musical instruments include: Agidigbo, Talking Drum, Omela, Goje, Bata drum, Sakara drum, amongst others. 

Their dressing isn't any different. It is elegant and unique. Just as they take pride in other aspects of their culture, they also take pride in looking good.
Yoruba clothing includes:
  • Adire: Cloth with various designs and patterns.
  • Aso-Oke: The most prestigious Yoruba clothing. It comes in three colors; red, brown, and dark blue.
  • Ofi: This is a pure white yarned cloth.
  • Aran: Velvet clothing material worn by the rich.
For occasions men usually wear Sokoto (loosely-fitted trouser), Agbada (wide sleeve), Buba (Top), and Fila (cap/hat). Some may carry the horse tail for a more traditional look. For women it is Iro (Wrapper), Gele (Head wrap), Buba (Blouse), and an optional Ipele (Shawl).

I hope you enjoyed the post.



  1. This was definitely different than any other type of blog that I've read. Very cultural.. thanks for sharing! :)

    Raven Rosie

  2. Thanks Raven, hope to see you around.