Skin Types and Care
There are general four skin types: Dry, Oily, Normal and Combination skin.
More-so, it is possible to have a sensitive skin along with one of the four general types.
- Dry Skin: If your skin has a strong tendency towards dehydration, lacks oil, and has few breakouts (if any at all), it is considered dry. In more extreme cases, dry skin lacks elasticity and can be extremely sensitive to the sun, wind and cold temperatures. Wash your face once a day with a rich, creamy cleanser and warm water.
Treatment: Rinse with warm water and pat your skin dry. Use a toner to help with that tight and flaky feeling of dehydration. Avoid toners and make-up that contain alcohol as alcohol based products have a drying effect on the skin. Use a cream-based lotion to hydrate your skin and keep it rejuvenated.
Apply moisturizers more frequently to dry skin.
- Normal Skin: Some consider normal skin to be a combination skin but it is not. If your skin is oily at the T-zone and your nose while dry and taut on the cheeks, it is considered normal if it changes with seasons.
Treatment: Wash your face with cleansers that are meant for normal skin type. Wipe an alcohol free, hydrating toner all over the face.
- Oily skin: If your skin is oily, it usually has a lot of shine to it immediately after cleaning. Your pores are also slightly enlarged. It is more prone to pimples, blackheads and white heads than other skin types and it's coarser in texture.
Treatment: Your skin tends to attract more dirt than dry skin, so wash your face twice a day with a gentle non-foaming cleanser and warm water. Rinse with warm water. Use an alcohol free, hydrating toner to help remove additional residue. Oil blotting papers throughout the day can help control shine and it takes as little as 3 minutes after lunch. Although your skin is oily, you must moisturize it with a light moisturizer daily or your skin will become dry underneath and over compensate thereby producing more oil.
- Combination skin: A combination skin is comprised of two extreme skin types on one face. This situation occurs when there is acne and a lot of oil in one area while the rest of the skin is generally dry.
Treatment: Always attend to each area of your skin appropriately as described above. If the acne is severe, consult a dermatologist or an aesthetician.
- Sensitive skin: Remember that you may have sensitive skin and at the same time have a normal, oily or dry skin. If your skin has allergic reactions to beauty products, and it is usually sensitive to variation in temperature or weather, it is sensitive. Sensitivity can show up in rash, redness, dilated capillaries and acne.
Note that the whole idea for any skincare exercise is to look out for products that have soothing benefits. Some of the ingredients to look out for include: - allanation, azulene, bisabolol, lavender, chamomile, rosemary, aloe-Vera, thyme, amongst others.
Thank You. Till next week, remain blessed.
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